Lalleshwari Lal Ded

Lalleshwari lal dedLalleshwari (1320–1392) was a mystic of the Kashmiri Shaivite She was a creator of the mystic poetry called vatsun or Vakhs, literally “speech”. Known as Lal Vakhs, her verses are the earliest compositions in the Kashmiri language and are an important part in history of Kashmiri literature. She inspired some of the later Sufis of Kashmir.
She is also known by various other names, including Lal Ded, Lalla, Lal Arifa, Lal Diddi, Laleshwari, Lalla Yogishwari and Lalishri.

Life

Lalleshwari was born in Pandrethan (ancient Puranadhisthana) some four and a half miles to the southeast of Srinagar in a Kashmiri Pandit family. She married at age twelve, but her marriage was unhappy and she left home at twenty-four to take sanyas (renunciation) and become a disciple of the Shaivite guru Siddha Srikantha (Sed Bayu). She continued the mystic tradition of Shaivism in Kashmir, which was known as Trika before 1900.

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